Health is wealth they say as the quality of your health is a determining factor for continuity of existence. Wonder it is to know that little contents of nature packaged into what is known as drugs possess the strong ability to boost biochemical reactions, stimulate the secretion of active enzymes, combat foreign or detrimental viral agents in the body to enhance and elongate lifespan of infected individuals. Among several viral vaccines administered in the medical field to alleviate the damaging effect of viral diseases in the host is the Valtrex. Valtrex drug is a highly rated vaccine for treating and preventing infection caused by herpes viruses in adults. Herpes virus infections are widely known to afflict individuals are genital herpes, herpes zoster, and cold sores. Valtrex also known as valaciclovir is a valid and potent antiviral drug mostly used for combating herpes infections. The drug hampers the growth and expansion of herpes viruses in the infected host. It is a popular chemotherapy treatment administered to both children and adults to treat cold sores. The drug is also used to treat chickenpox in children within the age bracket 2years.
Structure, Composition, and Properties of Valtrex
Valtrex is a drug licensed under GlaxoSmithKline Inc. and it is a registered trademark of Glaxo Group Limited. It has a trade name called Valaciclovir and characterized by major chemical elements. The elements found in the structure of this viable drug are multiple bonds of oxygen, hydrogen, carbon, and nitrogen. It is represented in the medical science with a molecular formula C13H20N6O4. It is also characterized by hydrogen bond donor and acceptor counts ratio 3:6 with heavy atom count of 23. It is soluble in water at 2239Mg/L (25oC), vapor density value of 3.64 x 10-14mmHg.
Uses and How It functions as Antiviral drug
Valtrex has long been approved by Food and Drug Administration to remedy herpes virus infections and made readily available in the United State since about seven years plus. The drug is essentially recommended by medical practitioners to treat oral and genital herpes simplex, herpes zoster also known as shingles, cytomegalovirus, and mononucleosis. This effective antiviral drug acts by inhibiting the spreading of pandemic herpes viral infections. Pandemic infections thrive with the increasing value of population growth (In other words, viral infections can easily spread and be contacted from one person to another). Valtrex drug is capable of mitigating the spreading of the virus. Valaciclovir is a prodrug further processed into monophosphate form by viral thymidine kinase and this is also phosphorylated into Icicle-GTP. The Icicle-GTP serves as an inhibitor of viral DNA polymerase.
Possible Side Effects of Valtrex
The use of Valtrex sometimes shows possible side effects and it is recommended to visit a physician before drug usage. Known side effects are a headache, Nausea feeling, and abdominal pain. Centre Nervous System adverse effects include agitation, hallucination, and seizures.
Warnings and Precautions
It should be noted that appropriate prescription of the dosage must be dutifully followed. It is advised to visit a physician when certain adverse reactions are noticed. The physician will be able to give accurate counsel on drug usage. It is recommended to lower the dosage prescribe for patients with renal impairment. It is also advised to stop using Valtrex if you are allergic to it.
Prescribed Dosage of Valtrex for Treatment
To treat herpes simplex, 2g orally every 12hours is recommended. First episode genital herpes will require a dosage of 1g orally twice a day for 7days while the recurrent episode will require 500mg orally twice a day for 3 days. Herpes Zoster in an adult is treated with 1g orally every 8hours for 7days. For Children between ages 2-18 years, 20mg/Kg of the drug is recommended to treat chickenpox in the immunocompetent host which should be repeated 3 times a day for 5days.
Frequently Asked Questions
What happens if I miss my dose?
It is essential to take the dose missed
What happens if I use overdose?
Seek medical advice and attention
What should I avoid while taking Valtrex?
Do not share the medicine with another person. Wash your hands frequently to limit the spreading of the virus